Frequently-asked questions for small business

Think you’re alone in trying to figure out what to do next?  The following questions have been asked repeatedly by new business owners, existing business owners, and potential business owners.  You are far from alone.  Read on… you may be surprised to find many of your questions here.  If you don’t see it here, contact an SBDC office in your area and get your answer today.

You will be your own most important employee, so an objective appraisal of your strengths and weaknesses is essential Some questions to ask yourself are:

  • Am I a self-starter?
  • How well do I get along with a variety of personalities?
  • How good am I at making decisions?
  • Do I have the physical and emotional stamina to run a business?
  • How well do I plan and organize?
  • Are my attitudes and drive strong enough to maintain motivation?
  • How will the business affect my family?

Before you get a business license you’ll probably want to think through your choice of business structure carefully (see “What kind of business license should I buy”). However if you’ve already gone through the steps and are certain you’ve chosen the right type, you can obtain your license online by visiting the Alaska Division of Corporations and Professional Licensing.

The four things to consider when purchasing a business license are:

  • Exposure to liabilities
  • Cost of creation and ongoing maintenance
  • Ability to raise money
  • Tax implications

Confused yet? That’s okay – our business advisors are available to help you think through these four considerations more carefully, though ultimately you’ll want to see your lawyer and your accountant before making a final decision. To meet with a business advisor click here.

Contact the municipality where your business will be. For example, if it is in Anchorage, go to the Anchorage municipality page for a comprehensive list of categories that require additional permits.

Having a working relationship with the following professionals will save you time and money down the line, and put your business on solid ground:

  • CPA (Certified Public Accountant)
  • Lawyer
  • Insurance agent
  • Banker
  • Bookkeeper
  • Coach (us)

If you’re finding these hard to come by, call us. We’ll help you think about the characteristics to consider in developing a trustworthy team.

Consider asking other business owners you respect for their recommendations. Many SBDC centers have referral lists with names of attorneys, accountants, and insurance agents who have been recommended. No matter your choice, make sure that you check references from at least three current clients. You should also check the Better Business Bureau and any industry specific certification boards.

Contact the Alaska Department of Labor for labor standards and safety at labor.state.ak.us. There is a lot of planning that goes into hiring your first employee. Consider using our Hiring Your First Employee tool and contacting your local SBDC to help you in this important process.

Yes. No matter how big or small your business, a business plan is a critical element of your business. Our business advisors have guides, templates and sample business plans that will help you think through and create your own business plan.

You should be involved in the writing and development of your business plan. Although a business advisor can help you understand the many aspects of a business plan, going on the journey yourself helps you understand areas of the business that you may not have previously considered. We can provide you with guides, templates, workshops and feedback on the business plan that you write. The writing of the business plan, as is the success of the business, is up to you. Trust us – your business will thank you later.

There are no definitive numbers of pages that result in the perfect business plan. In fact, you will never have a perfect plan, as it should be a living document and always evolving. Focus on just the facts and details of what’s important for success. Continue meeting with your Business Advisor as your business grows and matures to make sure you are on track and your business plan is growing with your business.

Depending on your type of business you may qualify for several state or federal certifications. The SBA provides more about the federal certifications, while the State of Alaska provides information on state certifications. To find out how you qualify or to learn more about state or federal programs, please contact our partner program PTAC.

The U.S. Small Business Administration, SBA, is a federal agency that provides aid, counsel, and disaster assistance to small businesses. They are able to fulfill their mission, in part, through the creation of the Small Business Development Centers (SBDC).

The SBDCs are nationwide and offer one on one, free confidential counseling, low cost workshops and reference libraries. The SBDCs are part of the nation-wide Association of Small Business Development Centers (ASBDC), which works on behalf of the SBDCs nationwide to support small businesses.

To understand your risks, consult with an insurance agent. The agent can also give you quotes to help you develop accurate startup cost projections. Typically the types of insurance a small business owner will need to consider are: liability, property, worker’s compensation and, in some cases, bonding.

Starting a business always takes at least some amount of money, or “financing”, to get started. It is important to research exactly how much financing you’ll need, how it will be used, and what the best source of financing will be for you based on your individual situation. While the Alaska SBDC is not a lender, we do work closely with our clients to prepare for, seek out, and obtain the financing they need.

There are many different types of money out there, we’ll help you choose the one that’s best for your business, and we’ll help you put a plan together to keep on top of your business’ financial life. The best introduction to the different types of funding available is our Starting a Business class.

Lending institutions typically look for the 5 C’s when evaluating loan applications: character, capacity, capital, collateral and conditions. Lenders will expect business owners to contribute their own money to the development of the business before they will consider loaning money to a business owner. They also make decisions based on credit score, good character and ability of the business to pay back the loan. For further assistance preparing a loan proposal, contact the Alaska SBDC.

Typically, you will need a personal financial statement, tax returns for the last three years (if currently in business, both business and personal tax returns), as well as copies of contractual agreements (for example, a copy of a lease). Depending on the situation, lenders will likely want to see a business plan, or at a minimum, financial statements demonstrating how the loan will benefit the business and be paid back.

No, the SBA does not directly lend money. However, it does provide guarantees, which eliminate some of the risk to its lending partners, such as banks, community development organizations and micro-lenders. For more information schedule an appointment to meet with an Alaska SBDC business advisor.

There are no grants available for for-profit businesses.

The only exception to this rule may be businesses that are developing products or services which the U.S. government might be interested in obtaining. If you think this might apply to your business, please contact our partner program TREND for more information.

Determining the right legal structure depends on your business and your circumstances. The BizFilings website provides a primer on choosing the best ownership structure for your business which will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages to the options you can choose. However, we suggest that you also consult with an accountant and/or attorney to choose the appropriate legal entity for your business.

Depending on whether you are selling products or services, you may consider protecting your business name by registering for a Trademark or Servicemark. A trademark, issued by the US Patent and Trademark Office, lasts for 10 years and can be renewed. For more information, contact our partner program TREND.

A copyright is the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same. You can learn more about copyrighting and the process of getting your material protected at http://www.copyright.gov/

A website can be an effective marketing tool for your business and has become increasingly important in the digital age. Before investing in one, understand the costs associated in its design, maintenance, and hosting. Check with the SBDC for upcoming classes on website building, social media marketing, and SEO optimization. Additionally, click on the link below to immediately create a FREE one page website with our partner program BuyAlaska.

Go to the website www.WhoIs.com. It will tell you if the domain name you want is already taken and help you make an offer to the owner if you wish. The website will also offer alternative domain names that are similar and still available.

A minimum order free on board quote or MO FOQ. Don’t know what this is but interested in learning more about exporting? Contact the SBDC as we can help you with the exporting process.

Sole proprietorships and partnerships that report a profit are required to pay self-employment tax in lieu of Social Security and Medicare contributions. Self-employed persons may be required to make quarterly deposits of estimated deposits based on profits. For specific information, consult with an accounting professional.

Sole proprietorships and partnerships that report a profit are required to pay self-employment tax in lieu of Social Security and Medicare contributions. Self-employed persons may be required to make quarterly deposits of estimated taxes based on profits. For specific information, consult with an accounting professional.

To be deductible, an expense must be “ordinary and necessary” in conducting your business. The IRS provides more information on small business and taxes.

The business life cycle refers to the various stages of development of a small business. Each stage has its own unique characteristics and the focus of business activities will reflect the current point within the life cycle.

Get an understanding of the kinds of things you will need to think about at each of the various stages of the business life cycle by browsing our Life Cycle section and our Tools section.

Yes, they do! Visit them online here for business licensing and structuring FAQs.

We encourage you to connect directly with the State of Alaska Personnel and Labor Relations Department on your background questions. Additionally, TSS Safety may be another valuable resource.

As for a referral, the Avitus Group provides human resource services which may meet your needs.

Lastly, the Alaska Division of Health Care Services provides a wealth of information on background check statutes, regulations, and materials.

To change from a sole proprietorship to an LLC you will need to work through the State of Alaska to transfer ID numbers, licenses and permits to your new LLC and there are details included in that process: taxes, state regulations, state requirements, and separation of personal property.

The Small Business Development Center does not have attorneys and unfortunately cannot provide legal assistance. Though a business advisor can help guide you through your questions in a general sense, you may be referred over to a legal professional if your questions require legal interpretation.

Contact us for an updated referral list at info@aksbdc.org!

The SBDC helps small businesses grow throughout Alaska via our expanding online resources and business management expertise. Our advisors are with you every step of the way whether you’re just starting, maintaining and growing, or exiting your business. We can also help with the buying and selling of businesses across the state!

Growing season is every day for SBDC clients, regardless of the region, the season or the weather. We know what it takes to succeed in business, every step of the way, and our clients are reaping the benefits of SBDC expert assistance. Grow with us.

Providing business guidance, services, and resources to Alaskan entrepreneurs.

Mission: To spark the amazing in Alaska- one idea, one business, one community at a time.

SBDC provides resources, advice, and assistance that help small businesses grow and create measurable economic impact throughout Alaska. Assistance is provided by experienced business advisors and experts through on-site and/or online interactions or training, and at no or very low cost to clients.

No other program offers the same reach, resources or opportunities to create an impact to businesses at every stage of development.

What we provide: 


If you’re worried about your cash position or wondering whether you’re going to be able to pay your bills later this year, then it’s time to do a cash flow and profit plan projection.

This template will help you develop a profit plan and cash budget forecast that will help you make sure you keep enough cash on hand to pay bills, meet payroll, and plan for one-time expenses such as equipment purchases or tax payments in coming months. Ultimately, it will help you sleep better at night.

If you haven’t already, apply to work with an advisor on these crucial steps online here.

Our SBDC is staffed by certified business advisors and provides entrepreneurs with business assistance and tools to aid in their success – completely for free.

Our experienced advisors cover topics that include business planning, financial analysis, marketing, accounting, cash flow projections, and new business feasibility, to name a few. Due to the limited availability of our advising resources, we ask that you follow the instructions that pertain to your current business situation in the links below and complete the application to the best of your ability. If you are interested in setting up an initial appointment, it is mandatory that you complete our online application.

We also provide assistance for:

One needs to look no further than the newspaper industry today to realize that even the most notable of business models need to reinvent to survive. Successful companies find ways to make change their catalyst for growth.

Reinvent your company, and plan for change, by understanding your assets and strengths and building a toolkit that will reinvent the way you do business.

Visit our online education portal to explore the reinvent stage of your business. You can also check out our free tools and resources relevant to your business life cycle here.

If you haven’t already, apply to work with a business advisor for free, and one-on-one, to guide you through this next step of your business stage with efficiency and confidence.

Whether you are preparing to sell, merge, or close your business, an SBDC advisor can help.

Where do you want to go with your business and what is your desired exit? If part of the plan is to sell your business and go into retirement, do you know what your business will be worth when you sell it? No matter what exit you have envisioned, proper planning will help you make the most of the transition and help to ensure that you realize the real value of your business. Explore the exit stage here!

Prepare yourself with tools needed to successfully exit your business here. Some of these resources may be self-explanatory, while others might require the assistance of an SBDC Advisor. If you need assistance, contact the SBDC office nearest you.

We sure do! Access our free download here for a list of 24 items to cover when you are just getting started.

To produce a complete, objective valuation you need the assistance of a qualified, disinterested third party (a professional in the field of valuations); but the basics of business valuation are the same for all closely-held businesses.  Despite what you may have heard, they’re not that tough to understand. Part of the problem, as we see it, is a matter of definitions, so here are some.

Before you apply for a business name reservation or registration, be sure you read and understand the difference between Reserving and Registering a Business Name

Determine if the name isdistinguishable from another name on record by conducting a thorough search including, but not limited to: the internet; business license records; corporations records; professional license records; telephone directories; trade magazines; trademark records; and catalogs.

Check out the State website directly for full instructions and next steps. 

When starting an online business, we suggest you treat it exactly the same as a brick and mortar business.

  • You will need a business license at a minimum – State of Alaska
  • You will need to establish a legal entity if you choose to be an LLC or corporation – File Articles of Organization with the State of Alaska Corporations
  • You will need insurance as well – get an overview here.

The only thing that may be different with an online business is in regards to sales tax.  If you are in Anchorage you will not (currently) need to collect taxes. You will also not need to collect taxes for transactions that you receive from areas with sales tax as long as you do not go out to get them. For instance, if someone from Wasilla goes online to buy from your website, you will not need to collect taxes for Wasilla.  However, if you are in Wasilla, you will need to collect taxes for Wasilla and the borough.  Also if you go to Wasilla you would need to register for local licensure.

If you would like further assistance, a business advisor would be happy to guide you through the process. Apply online for free counseling services here.

Our cooperative agreement with the Small Business Administration states that our award is governed by and constituted under federal law, and since marijuana is still illegal under federal law, we are prevented from assisting clients who engage in its use, sale, and possession.

We encourage you to speak with the State Licensing office to see what changes are being applied, access to implementation for related licenses and how to obtain those appropriate licenses. At this time, the Small Business Development Center is unable to counsel on these matters.

Additionally, the Coalition for Responsible Cannabis Legislation may have information, tools, and resources to assist you with your business idea.