Frequently-Asked Questions for Small Business

Think you’re alone in trying to figure out what to do next?  The following questions have been asked repeatedly by new business owners, existing business owners, and potential business owners. You are far from alone.  Read on, you may be surprised to find many of your questions here.  If you don’t see it here, contact an Alaska SBDC office in your area and get your answer today.

Quick Contact Information

Please note that Alaska SBDC services are availably by appointment and scheduled workshops.

  1. Call us at (907) 786-7201 with your questions
  2. Email us at aksbdc.org/contact with questions or to connect with your Business Advisor
  3. Register as a client at aksbdc.org/business-counseling to work with a Business Advisor
  4. View our Workshop listing for in-person and on-demand business classes

The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) is a federal agency that provides aid, counsel, and disaster assistance to small businesses. They are able to fulfill their mission, in part, through the creation of Small Business Development Centers (SBDC).

The Alaska SBDC is funded, in part, by the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), as well as matching funds from the state of Alaska, and contributions from partner boroughs, cities, and other sponsors throughout the state. 
This statewide program is hosted by the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA) through the Business Enterprise Institute (BEI). 

SBDCs are nationwide and offer one-on-one, no-cost confidential counseling, low-cost workshops, and reference libraries. SBDCs are part of the nation-wide Association of Small Business Development Centers (ASBDC), which works on behalf of the SBDCs nationwide to support small businesses.

The Alaska SBDC is staffed by certified business advisors and provides entrepreneurs with business assistance and tools to aid in their success – completely at no-cost.

Our experienced advisors cover topics that include business planning, financial analysis, marketing, accounting, cash flow projections, and new business feasibility, to name a few. If you are interested in setting up an initial appointment, please complete our online client registration.

We provide assistance for:

When starting an online business, we suggest you treat it exactly the same as a brick and mortar business.

  • You will need a business license at a minimum
  • You will need to establish a legal entity if you choose to be an LLC or a corporation
  • You will need insurance as well

The only thing that may be different for an online business is in regards to sales tax.  For example, if you are in Anchorage you will not (currently) need to collect taxes. You will also not need to collect taxes for transactions that you receive from areas with sales tax as long as you do not go out to get them. For instance, if someone from Wasilla goes online to buy from your website, you will not need to collect taxes for Wasilla.  However, if you are in Wasilla, you will need to collect taxes for Wasilla and the borough.  Also if you go to Wasilla you would need to register for local licensure.

If you would like further assistance, a business advisor would be happy to guide you through the process. Apply online for free counseling services here.

No, we are prevented from doing so because the Alaska SBDC is an economic development arm of the state of Alaska. Therefore, we rely on tax-supported appropriations and are mandated to work only with for-profit companies.

We welcome you to join us for any Alaska SBDC workshops that may assist you in your venture. You are always welcome to utilize our no-cost resources under the Tools section on our website.

For non-profit assistance, The Foraker Group may be a great resource to connect with – they essentially do what we at the Alaska SBDC do here, but specifically for non-profits.

Additionally, the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the State of Alaska have resources that may be helpful:

  1. Non-Profit and Religious Corporations – State of Alaska
  2. Alaska Nonprofit Corporation Act
  3. How to Form an Alaska Nonprofit Corporation
  4. How to Start a Non-Profit – SBA

Our cooperative agreement with the Small Business Administration (SBA) states our award is governed by and constituted under federal law. Since marijuana is illegal under federal law, we are prevented from assisting clients who engage in its sale and possession.

No, the SBA does not directly lend money. However, it does provide guarantees, which eliminate some of the risks to its lending partners, such as banks, community development organizations, and micro-lenders.

For more information, register as a client and make an appointment to meet with an Alaska SBDC business advisor.

The Small Business Administration (SBA), which is one funder of the Alaska Small Business Development Center (SBDC), is not a direct lender (with the exception of disaster loans). The SBA instead guarantees loans that lenders make to businesses. It is the responsibility of businesses to work with their lender directly and the lender applies to the SBA. If a borrower defaults on a loan, the SBA pays guaranty to the lender.

To be eligible for an SBA business loan, a small business applicant must:

  1. Be an operating business and be organized as a for-profit
  2. Be located in the United States
  3. Be a small business based on regulatory size requirements (13 CFR Part 121)
  4. Demonstrate a need for the desired credit
  5. Owners must be of “good character” and demonstrate repayment ability

If you have questions, please connect with the Alaska SBA District Office directly.

You will be your own most important employee, so an objective appraisal of your strengths and weaknesses is essential Some questions to ask yourself are:

  • Am I a self-starter?
  • How well do I get along with a variety of personalities?
  • How good am I at making decisions?
  • Do I have the physical and emotional stamina to run a business?
  • How well do I plan and organize?
  • Are my attitudes and drive strong enough to maintain motivation?
  • How will the business affect my family?

The four things to consider when purchasing a business license are:

  • Exposure to liabilities
  • Cost of creation and ongoing maintenance
  • Ability to raise money
  • Tax implications

Confused yet? That’s okay – our business advisors are available to help you think through these four considerations more carefully, though ultimately you’ll want to see your lawyer and your accountant before making a final decision. To meet with a business advisor click here.

Before you get a business license you’ll probably want to think through your choice of business structure carefully (see “What kind of business license should I buy”). However if you’ve already gone through the steps and are certain you’ve chosen the right type, you can obtain your license online by visiting the Alaska Division of Corporations and Professional Licensing.

Contact the municipality where your business will be. For example, if it is in Anchorage, go to the Anchorage municipality page for a comprehensive list of categories that require additional permits.

Having a working relationship with the following professionals will save you time and money down the line, and put your business on solid ground:

  • CPA (Certified Public Accountant)
  • Lawyer
  • Insurance agent
  • Banker
  • Bookkeeper
  • Coach (us!)

If you’re finding these hard to come by, call us. We’ll help you think about the characteristics to consider in developing a trustworthy team.

The Section 3 program requires that recipients of certain HUD financial assistance, to the greatest extent possible, provide training, employment, contracting, and other economic opportunities to low- and very low-income persons, especially recipients of government assistance for housing, and to businesses that provide economic opportunities to low- and very low-income persons. Learn more here!

For support, contact our friends at the Procurement Technical Assistance Center (PTAC).

Depending on your type of business you may qualify for several state or federal certifications. The SBA provides more about the federal certifications, while the State of Alaska provides information on state certifications. To find out how you qualify or to learn more about state or federal programs, please contact our partner program PTAC.

To understand your risks, consult with an insurance agent. The agent can also give you quotes to help you develop accurate startup cost projections. Typically the types of insurance a small business owner will need to consider are: liability, property, worker’s compensation and, in some cases, bonding.

Starting a business always takes at least some amount of money, or “financing”, to get started. It is important to research exactly how much financing you’ll need, how it will be used, and what the best source of financing will be for you based on your individual situation. While the Alaska SBDC is not a lender, we do work closely with our clients to prepare for, seek out, and obtain the financing they need.

There are many different types of money out there, we’ll help you choose the one that’s best for your business, and we’ll help you put a plan together to keep on top of your business’ financial life. The best introduction to the different types of funding available is our Starting a Business class.

Lending institutions typically look for the 5 C’s when evaluating loan applications: character, capacity, capital, collateral and conditions. Lenders will expect business owners to contribute their own money to the development of the business before they will consider loaning money to a business owner.

They also make decisions based on credit score, good character and ability of the business to pay back the loan. For further assistance preparing a loan proposal, contact the Alaska SBDC.

Typically, you will need a personal financial statement, tax returns for the last three years (if currently in business, both business and personal tax returns), as well as copies of contractual agreements (for example, a copy of a lease). Depending on the situation, lenders will likely want to see a business plan, or at a minimum, financial statements demonstrating how the loan will benefit the business and be paid back.

Depending on whether you are selling products or services, you may consider protecting your business name by registering for a Trademark or Servicemark. A trademark, issued by the US Patent and Trademark Office, lasts for 10 years and can be renewed. For more information, contact our partner program TREND.

A copyright is the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same. You can learn more about copyrighting and the process of getting your material protected at http://www.copyright.gov/

We encourage you to connect directly with the State of Alaska Personnel and Labor Relations Department on your background questions. Additionally, TSS Safety may be another valuable resource.

As for a referral, the Avitus Group provides human resource services that may meet your needs.

Lastly, the Alaska Division of Health Care Services provides a wealth of information on background check statutes, regulations, and materials.

To change from a sole proprietorship to an LLC you will need to work through the State of Alaska to transfer ID numbers, licenses and permits to your new LLC and there are details included in that process: taxes, state regulations, state requirements, and separation of personal property.

The Small Business Development Center does not have attorneys and unfortunately cannot provide legal assistance. Though a business advisor can help guide you through your questions in a general sense, you may be referred over to a legal professional if your questions require legal interpretation.

Contact us for an updated referral list at info@aksbdc.org!

The SBDC helps small businesses grow throughout Alaska via our expanding online resources and business management expertise. Our advisors are with you every step of the way whether you’re just starting, maintaining and growing, or exiting your business. We can also help with the buying and selling of businesses across the state!

Growing season is every day for SBDC clients, regardless of the region, the season or the weather. We know what it takes to succeed in business, every step of the way, and our clients are reaping the benefits of SBDC expert assistance. Grow with us.

Providing business guidance, services, and resources to Alaskan entrepreneurs.

Mission: To spark the amazing in Alaska- one idea, one business, one community at a time.

SBDC provides resources, advice, and assistance that help small businesses grow and create measurable economic impact throughout Alaska. Assistance is provided by experienced business advisors and experts through on-site and/or online interactions or training, and at no or very low cost to clients.

No other program offers the same reach, resources or opportunities to create an impact to businesses at every stage of development.


If you’re worried about your cash position or wondering whether you’re going to be able to pay your bills later this year, then it’s time to do a cash flow and profit plan projection.

This template will help you develop a profit plan and cash budget forecast that will help you make sure you keep enough cash on hand to pay bills, meet payroll, and plan for one-time expenses such as equipment purchases or tax payments in the coming months. Ultimately, it will help you sleep better at night. If you haven’t already, apply to work with an advisor on these crucial steps online here.

One needs to look no further than the newspaper industry today to realize that even the most notable of business models need to reinvent to survive. Successful companies find ways to make change their catalyst for growth.

Reinvent your company, and plan for change, by understanding your assets and strengths and building a toolkit that will reinvent the way you do business.

Visit our online education portal to explore the reinvent stage of your business. You can also check out our free tools and resources relevant to your business life cycle here.

If you haven’t already, apply to work with a business advisor for free, and one-on-one, to guide you through this next step of your business stage with efficiency and confidence.

Whether you are preparing to sell, merge, or close your business, an SBDC advisor can help.

Where do you want to go with your business and what is your desired exit? If part of the plan is to sell your business and go into retirement, do you know what your business will be worth when you sell it? No matter what exit you have envisioned, proper planning will help you make the most of the transition and help to ensure that you realize the real value of your business. Explore the exit stage here!

Prepare yourself with tools needed to successfully exit your business here. Some of these resources may be self-explanatory, while others might require the assistance of an SBDC Advisor. If you need assistance, contact the SBDC office nearest you.

Before you apply for a business name reservation or registration, be sure you read and understand the difference between Reserving and Registering a Business Name

Determine if the name isdistinguishable from another name on record by conducting a thorough search including, but not limited to: the internet; business license records; corporations records; professional license records; telephone directories; trade magazines; trademark records; and catalogs.

Check out the State website directly for full instructions and next steps.